目前项目中将record结构转换为KVList, 然后保存到mongodb中
由于record_info(fields,Record)不支持传入参数,处理从record转换为kvlist比较麻烦

目前做法

目前的做法是罗列所有的record,如下:

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save(Rec) when is_record(Rec, aaa) ->
KvList = lists:zip(erlang:tl(tuple_to_list(Rec), record_info(fields, aaa)),
%% 保存到mongodb
save_db(KvList);
save(Rec) when is_record(Rec, bbb) ->
KvList = lists:zip(erlang:tl(tuple_to_list(Rec), record_info(fields, bbb)),
%% 保存到mongodb
save_db(KvList);
...

如果存在#aaa{id = #bbb{}}这种结构,需要一层一层的手动解析

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-define(REC_TO_KVLIST(Rec, RecName),
lists:zip(erlang:tl(tuple_to_list(Rec)), record_info(fields, RecName))
).

A = #aaa{id = #bbb{}},
A1 = A#aaa{id = ?REC_TO_KVLIST(A#aaa.id, bbb)},
A2 = ?REC_TO_KVLIST(A1, aaa),
保存到mongodb中
save_db(A2)

相应的,从mongodb中读取数据,也要进行多次转换
稍微不注意就会出现db升级失败,数据丢失

可能的解决方法(未在项目中使用)

归根到底还是record_info,不支持传入参数
搜索github, 发现record_info_runtime

erl文件
record_info_runtime.erl Parse transform for using recordinfo(size, ) and recordinfo(fields, ) during runtime
增加了record_init/1
l2r.erl record,kvlist互转
rec_a.hrl 测试头文件

运行结果

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Eshell V6.3  (abort with ^G)
1> rr("rec_a.hrl").
[name,person]
2> KV = l2r:rec_to_kvlist(#person{}).
[{'__record_name__',person},
{id,0},
{name,[{'__record_name__',name},{first,"aaa"},{last,"bbb"}]},
{names,[[{'__record_name__',name},{first,"abc"},{last,[]}],
[{'__record_name__',name},{first,[]},{last,"def"}]]},
{sex,0}]
3> l2r:kvlist_to_rec(KV).
#person{id = 0,
name = #name{first = "aaa",last = "bbb"},
names = [#name{first = "abc",last = []},
#name{first = [],last = "def"}],
sex = 0}
4> #person{}.
#person{id = 0,
name = #name{first = "aaa",last = "bbb"},
names = [#name{first = "abc",last = []},
#name{first = [],last = "def"}],
sex = 0}
5>

最后贴代码凑字数

record_info_runtime.erlview raw
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%-*-Mode:erlang;coding:utf-8;tab-width:4;c-basic-offset:4;indent-tabs-mode:()-*-
% ex: set ft=erlang fenc=utf-8 sts=4 ts=4 sw=4 et:
%%%
%%%------------------------------------------------------------------------
%%% @doc
%%% ==Record Info Runtime Parse Transform==
%%% Insert private functions into a module if the module contains any
%%% record definitions (including those from header files). The private
%%% functions inserted are record_info_size/1 and record_info_fields/1, so
%%% the record_info(size, _) and record_info(fields, _) can be called at
%%% runtime, but without exported functions. The unused function warning
%%% is automatically turned off for the inserted functions, so they
%%% don't necessarily need to be used.
%%% @end
%%%
%%% BSD LICENSE
%%%
%%% Copyright (c) 2013, Michael Truog <mjtruog at gmail dot com>
%%% All rights reserved.
%%%
%%% Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
%%% modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
%%%
%%% * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
%%% notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
%%% * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
%%% notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
%%% the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
%%% distribution.
%%% * All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this
%%% software must display the following acknowledgment:
%%% This product includes software developed by Michael Truog
%%% * The name of the author may not be used to endorse or promote
%%% products derived from this software without specific prior
%%% written permission
%%%
%%% THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND
%%% CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
%%% INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
%%% OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
%%% DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR
%%% CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
%%% SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
%%% BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR
%%% SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
%%% INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY,
%%% WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING
%%% NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
%%% OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH
%%% DAMAGE.
%%%
%%% @author Michael Truog <mjtruog [at] gmail (dot) com>
%%% @copyright 2013 Michael Truog
%%% @version 1.0.0 {@date} {@time}
%%%------------------------------------------------------------------------

-module(record_info_runtime).
-author('mjtruog [at] gmail (dot) com').

-export([parse_transform/2]).

-record(state,
{
records = [], % stored in reverse order
types = dict:new()
}).

parse_transform(Forms, _CompileOptions) ->
%% {ok, IO} = file:open("a.txt", [write]),
%% io:format(IO, "~p", [Forms]),
%% io:close(IO),
forms_process(Forms, [], #state{}).

forms_process([{eof, _} = EOF], L,
#state{records = []}) ->
% nothing to do (no records found)
lists:reverse([EOF | L]);
forms_process([{eof, _} = EOF], L,
#state{records = Records,
types = Types}) ->
[{attribute, _, file, _} = FILE |
NewForms] = lists:reverse([EOF,
record_init(Records),
record_info_size(Records),
record_info_fields(Records),
record_info_fieldtypes(Records, Types),
record_new(Records),
records(Records) | L]),
[FILE, record_info_f_nowarn() | NewForms];
forms_process([{attribute, _Line, record,
{Name, _Fields}} = H | Forms], L,
#state{records = Records} = State) ->
forms_process(Forms, [H | L],
State#state{records = [Name | Records]});
forms_process([{attribute, _Line, type,
{{record, Name}, Fields, _}} = H | Forms], L,
State) ->
forms_process(Forms, [H | L],
type_record_fields(Fields, Name, State));
forms_process([H | Forms], L, State) ->
forms_process(Forms, [H | L], State).

record_info_f_nowarn() ->
{attribute, 1, compile,
{nowarn_unused_function,
[{records, 0},
{record_new, 1},
{record_info_fieldtypes, 1},
{record_info_fields, 1},
{record_init, 1},
{record_info_size, 1}]}}.

records(Records) ->
{function, 1, records, 0,
[{clause, 1, [], [],
[records_f(lists:reverse(Records))]}]}.

records_f([Name]) ->
{cons, 1, {atom, 1, Name}, {nil, 1}};
records_f([Name | Records]) ->
{cons, 1, {atom, 1, Name}, records_f(Records)}.

record_new(Records) ->
{function, 1, record_new, 1,
record_new_f([], Records)}.

record_new_f(L, []) ->
L;
record_new_f(L, [Name | Records]) ->
record_new_f([{clause, 1,
[{atom, 1, Name}], [],
[{record, 1, Name, []}]} | L], Records).

record_info_fieldtypes(Records, Types) ->
{function, 1, record_info_fieldtypes, 1,
record_info_fieldtypes_f([], Records, Types)}.

record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_types([]) ->
{nil, 1};
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_types([TypeInfo | TypeList]) ->
{cons, 1,
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo(TypeInfo, false),
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_types(TypeList)}.

record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo_type({M, T})
when is_atom(M), is_atom(T) ->
{tuple, 1, [{atom, 1, M}, {atom, 1, T}]};
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo_type(T)
when is_atom(T) ->
{atom, 1, T}.

record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo({Type, []}, false) ->
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo_type(Type);
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo({Type, TypeList}, _) ->
{tuple, 1,
[record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo_type(Type),
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_types(TypeList)]};
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo(Type, _)
when is_atom(Type) ->
% e.g.: any
{atom, 1, Type};
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo({Type, _Line, Constant}, _)
when is_atom(Type) ->
% e.g.: {integer, 1, 128}
{Type, 1, Constant};
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo(Literal, _) ->
exit({badarg, Literal}).
%{string, 1, lists:flatten(io_lib:format("~p",[Literal]))}.

record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry(FieldName, undefined) ->
{tuple, 1,
[{atom, 1, FieldName},
{atom, 1, undefined}]};
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry(FieldName, TypeInfo) ->
{tuple, 1,
[{atom, 1, FieldName},
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry_typeinfo(TypeInfo, true)]}.

record_info_fieldtypes_f_entries([{FieldName, TypeInfo}]) ->
{cons, 1, record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry(FieldName, TypeInfo),
{nil, 1}};
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entries([{FieldName, TypeInfo} | L]) ->
{cons, 1, record_info_fieldtypes_f_entry(FieldName, TypeInfo),
record_info_fieldtypes_f_entries(L)}.

record_info_fieldtypes_f(L, [], _Types) ->
L;
record_info_fieldtypes_f(L, [Name | Records], Types) ->
ClauseBody = case dict:find(Name, Types) of
{ok, FieldTypes} ->
[record_info_fieldtypes_f_entries(lists:reverse(FieldTypes))];
error ->
[{lc, 1,
{tuple, 1,
[{var, 1, 'FieldName'},
{atom, 1, undefined}]},
[{generate, 1,
{var, 1, 'FieldName'},
{call, 1,
{atom, 1, record_info},
[{atom, 1, fields},
{atom, 1, Name}]}}]}]
end,
record_info_fieldtypes_f([{clause, 1,
[{atom, 1, Name}], [],
ClauseBody} | L], Records, Types).

record_init(Records) ->
{function, 1, record_init, 1,
record_init_f([], Records)}.

record_init_f(L, []) ->
L;
record_init_f(L, [Name|Records]) ->
record_init_f([{clause, 1,
[{atom, 1, Name}], [],
[{record,1,Name, []}]}|L], Records).

record_info_fields(Records) ->
{function, 1, record_info_fields, 1,
record_info_fields_f([], Records)}.

record_info_fields_f(L, []) ->
L;
record_info_fields_f(L, [Name | Records]) ->
record_info_fields_f([{clause, 1,
[{atom, 1, Name}], [],
[{call, 1,
{atom, 1, record_info},
[{atom, 1, fields},
{atom, 1, Name}]}]} | L], Records).

record_info_size(Records) ->
{function, 1, record_info_size, 1,
record_info_size_f([], Records)}.

record_info_size_f(L, []) ->
L;
record_info_size_f(L, [Name | Records]) ->
record_info_size_f([{clause, 1,
[{atom, 1, Name}], [],
[{call, 1,
{atom, 1, record_info},
[{atom, 1, size},
{atom, 1, Name}]}]} | L], Records).

type_record_field_info({type, _Line1, union,
[{atom, _Line2, undefined}, TypeInfo]}) ->
type_record_field_info(TypeInfo);
type_record_field_info({type, _Line, Type, any}) ->
{Type, [any]};
type_record_field_info({type, _Line, Type, TypeList}) ->
{Type, [type_record_field_info(T) || T <- TypeList]};
type_record_field_info({remote_type, _Line1,
[{atom, _Line2, Module},
{atom, _Line3, Type}, Arguments]}) ->
{{Module, Type}, Arguments};
type_record_field_info(Literal) ->
Literal.

type_record_fields([], _RecordName, State) ->
State;
type_record_fields([{record_field, _Line1,
{atom, _Line2, FieldName}, _Value} | Fields],
RecordName, #state{types = Types} = State) ->
Entry = {FieldName, undefined},
NewTypes = dict:update(RecordName, fun(L) ->
[Entry | L]
end, [Entry], Types),
type_record_fields(Fields, RecordName, State#state{types = NewTypes});
type_record_fields([{typed_record_field, RecordField, TypeInfo} | Fields],
RecordName, #state{types = Types} = State) ->
FieldName = case RecordField of
{record_field, _Line1,
{atom, _Line2, Name}, _Value} ->
Name;
{record_field, _Line1,
{atom, _Line2, Name}} ->
Name
end,
Entry = {FieldName, type_record_field_info(TypeInfo)},
NewTypes = dict:update(RecordName, fun(L) ->
[Entry | L]
end, [Entry], Types),
type_record_fields(Fields, RecordName, State#state{types = NewTypes}).
rec_a.hrlview raw
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-record(name, {
first = "",
last = ""
}).

-record(person, {
id = 0
,name = #name{first="aaa", last="bbb"}
,names = [#name{first="abc"}, #name{last="def"}]
,sex = 0
}).
l2r.erlview raw
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%% coding: latin-1
%%%-----------------------------------------------
%%% @doc
%%% record,kvlist互转
%%% 包含头文件即可
%%% @end
%%%-----------------------------------------------
-module(l2r).

-include("rec_a.hrl").

-define(RECORD_NAME, '__record_name__').

-define(ERROR_MSG(Format, Args), io:format("[ERROR]" ++ Format ++ "\n", Args)).
-define(INFO_MSG(Format, Args), io:format("[INFO]" ++ Format ++ "\n", Args)).

-compile([{parse_transform, record_info_runtime}]).

-export([
rec_to_kvlist/1,
kvlist_to_rec/1
]).

-export([
records/0,
record_info_fields/1,
record_info_size/1
]).

rec_to_kvlist(Rec) ->
rec_to_kvlist_f1(Rec, 1).

rec_to_kvlist_f1(Rec, Depth) when Depth > 10 ->
throw({error, Depth, Rec});
rec_to_kvlist_f1(Rec, Depth) when is_tuple(Rec) ->
case is_record(Rec) of
true ->
RecName = erlang:element(1, Rec),
Fields = [?RECORD_NAME|record_info_fields(RecName)],
Values = tuple_to_list(Rec),
Fun = fun({Field, Value}) when is_tuple(Value) ->
{Field, rec_to_kvlist_f1(Value, Depth + 1)};
({Field, Value}) when is_list(Value) ->
{Field, [rec_to_kvlist_f1(V, Depth + 1) || V <- Value]};
({Field, Value}) ->
{Field, Value}
end,
lists:map(Fun, lists:zip(Fields, Values));
false ->
Rec
end;
rec_to_kvlist_f1(Val, _) -> Val.

kvlist_to_rec(KvList) when is_list(KvList) ->
case proplists:get_value(?RECORD_NAME, KvList) of
undefined ->
Fun = fun(Val) -> kvlist_to_rec(Val) end,
lists:map(Fun, KvList);
RecName ->
InitList = lists:zip(
[?RECORD_NAME|record_info_fields(RecName)],
tuple_to_list(record_init(RecName))),
Fun = fun(Field) ->
case proplists:get_value(Field, KvList) of
undefined ->
proplists:get_value(Field, InitList);
Val when is_list(Val) ->
kvlist_to_rec(Val);
Val ->
Val
end
end,
list_to_tuple(lists:map(Fun, [?RECORD_NAME|record_info_fields(RecName)]))
end;
kvlist_to_rec(KvList) -> KvList.

is_record(Rec) when is_tuple(Rec), tuple_size(Rec) >= 1 ->
RecName = erlang:element(1, Rec),

is_list(record_info_fields(RecName))
andalso length(tuple_to_list(Rec)) =:= record_info_size(RecName);
is_record(_Other) -> false.